In the 18th century, the first city to teach and promote resuscitation was Amsterdam. In August of 1767, the Society for Recovery of Drowned Persons formed and it was the first organized effort to respond to sudden death. Their methods to stimulate the body involved several techniques. They recommended to first warm the victim, positioning the victim’s head lower than feet to remove water, applying pressure to the abdomen. Next they recommended respiration into the victim’s mouth, tickling the victim’s throat, stimulating the victim with rectal and oral fumigation using tobacco smoke, then last, bloodletting. The first four techniques are still in use today. Some highlights in history are: in 1956, Peter Safar and James Elam invented mouth to mouth resuscitation. In 1957, the U.S. Military adopted the method to revive unresponsive victims. In 1960, CPR was developed. In 1972, Leonard Cobb held the worlds first mass citizen training in CPR in Seattle, Washington that was called Medic 2. He helped in the training of over 100.000 people the first two years of the programs.
for more info and practice
History of CPR. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 6 April. 2008. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_CPR
History of CPR. UKDivers. 6 April. 2008. http://www.ukdivers.net/history/cpr.htm
History of CPR. American Hear Association. 6 April. 2008.